Basic Terminology

teacher: sensei

senior student: senpai

karate practitioner: karateka

the way of the the empty hand: karate do

training hall: dojo

uniform: gi

belt: obi

high area (head, face): jodan

middle area (chest, stomach): chudan

lower area (waist or below): gedan

foot: ashi

hand: te

begin: hajime  

stop: yame  

spirited yell: kiai  

attention: kiyotsuke  

ready: yoi  

respect/bow: rei  

turn around: mawate  

kneel: seiza  

front wall: shomen

meditate: mokuso

 yes/I understand/spirited affirmation: oss!

Basic Techniques

Stances

stance: dachi

ready stance: heiko dachi

bowing stance: musubi dachi

front stance: zenkutso dachi

back stance: kokutsu dachi

horse riding stance: kiba dachi

square stance: shiko dachi

cat stance: neko ashi dachi

Blocks

low block: gedan barai

face block: age uke

outer block: uchi uke

inner block: soto uke

knife hand block: shuto uke

Strikes

punch: zuki

lead punch, jab: kisami zuki, oi zuki

reverse punch, cross: gyaku zuki

spear hand strike: nukite

pulling hand: hiki te

kicks

foot sweep: ashi barai

front kick: mae geri

roundhouse kick: mawashi geri

thrusting side kick: yoko geri kikome

snapping side kick: yoko geri kaege

hook kick: udo mawashi geri

back kick: ushiro geri

crescent kick: mikazuki geri

Advanced Terminology

Shotokan: pine waves hall

school or style: ryu

please help/teach me: onegaishimasu

thank you very much: arigato gozai mashita

one more time: mo ichi do

foot: ashi

hand: te

application/analysis of kata: bunkai

advanced application of kata: oyo

switch sides: kaete

combative/guarding posture: kamae

projecting focus and energy to one point: kime

junior student: kohai

senior student: senpai

sparring: kumite

punching board: makiwara

lead side: kizami

right: migi

left: hidari

back/rear: ushiro

tai sabaki: body shifting

break fall: ukemi

continuing mind and body: zanshin

Advanced techniques

Stances

rooted stance: fudo dachi

natural stance: hachiji dachi

half-moon stance: hangetsu dachi

half front stance: han zenkutsu dachi

feet together stance: heisoku dachi

cross legged stance: kosa dachi

hour glass stance: sanchin dachi

Blocks

chest block: chudan uke

low block: gedan uke

pulling/grasping block: hiki uke

double-armed wedge block: kakiwake uke

x block: juji uke

wrist block: ko uke

crossing low/outer block combo: kosa uke

low/face block combo: manji uke: 

reinforced arm block: morote uke

shin block: sume uke

palm block: teisho uke

mountain block: yama uke

strikes

rising punch: age zuki

two handed double punch, low & high: awase zuki

chest punch: chudan zuki

elbow strike: enpi uchi

low punch: gedan zuki

ridge hand strike: haito uchi

face punch: jodan zuki

hook punch: kagi zuke

fist: ken

rising punch: kentsui uchi

lead punch, jab: kizami zuki

two consecutive punches: niren zuki

three consecutive punches: sanbon zuki

fore fist: seiken

knife hand strike: shuto uchi

palm heel strike: teisho uchi

back fist strike: uraken uchi

kicks

foot: ashi

foot sweep: ashi barai

stomping kick: fumikomi

knee strike: hiza geri

inside reverse round kick: jyaku mawashi geri

snapping: keage

thrusting: kekome

mikazuki geri: crescent kick

lead leg: myashi

jump kick: tobi geri

hook kick: udo or uro mawashi geri

back kick: ushiro geri

Sparring terminology

free sparring: jiyu kumite

three point free sparring: jiyu sanbon

one step sparring: kihon ippon

slow, free, cooperative sparring: ma hoo randori

initiative: sen

seizing the initiative later: go no sen

seizing the initiative simultaneously: sen no sen

seizing the initiative preemptively: sen sen no sen

begin: hajime

stop: yame

draw/tie: hikiwake

match: shobu

no point awarded: torimasen

continue: tsuzukete

half point: waza-ari

full point: ippon

simultaneous techniques: aiuchi

referee/judge: shinpan

red: aka

red is the winner: aka, no kachi

white: shiro

white is the winner: shiro no kachi

Katas and their names' meanings

Beginner Katas

Taikyoku Shodan: First Cause

Kihon Kata Ichi: Basic Kata number 1 (the same as Taikyoku Shodan)

Kihon Kata Ni: Basic Kata Number 2 (Taikyoku Shodan with a faceblock substituted for the low block)

Kihon Kata San: Basic Kata Number 3 (substitute an outer block)

Kihon Kata Yon: Basic Kata Number 4 (low block, outer block with same hand then step punch)

Kihon Kata Go: Basic Kata Number 5 (face block, front kick punch. All punches become kick, punch)

Heian Katas

Heian Shodan: Peaceful Mind First (or #1)

Heian Nidan: Peaceful Mind Second (or #2)

Heian Sandan: Peaceful Mind Third (or #3) 

Heian Yondan: Peaceful Mind Fourth (or #4)

 

Heian Godan: Peaceful Mind Fifth (or #5)

Tekki Katas

Tekki Shodan: Horse Riding First (or #1)

 

Tekki Nidan: Horse Riding Second (or #2)

 

Tekki Sandan: Horse Riding Third (or #3)

Advanced Katas

Bassai Dai: To Penetrate a Fortress (big or greater)

 

Jion: Jion Temple in China, a Buddhist term meaning love or goodness

 

Enpi/Empi: Flying Swallow

 

Kanku Dai: Look at the Sky (big or greater)

 

Hangetsu: Half Moon Gankaku: Crane on a Rock

 

Jitte: Ten Hands Bassai Sho: To Penetrate a Fortress (small or lesser)

 

Kanku Sho: Look at the Sky (small or lesser)

 

Nijushiho: Twenty Four Steps Sochin: Strength/Calm

 

Meikyo: Bright Mirror Ji’in: Temple Grounds or Love

 

Wankan: King’s Crown

 

Chinte: Rare Hands, or Unusual Hands

 

Gojushiho Sho: Fifty Four Directions, lesser

 

Gojushiho Dai: Fifty Four Directions, greater

 

Unsu: Hands in the Clouds or Cloud Hands